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Nanopore sequencing offers advantages in all areas of research. Our offering includes DNA sequencing, as well as RNA and gene expression analysis and future technology for analysing proteins.

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Flow Cell (R10.4)

R10 is our nanopore chemistry, designed to improve homopolymer performance and deliver highest consensus accuracy. Paired with the Kit 12 (also referred to as Q20+) chemistry, R10.4 generates data at a modal accuracy above 99%.

As a new product, it will be rapidly iterating as we continue to deliver performance improvements.

Note: R10.4 flow cells currently require Kit 12 chemistry, which can be accessed by registering here.

It is currently supported for the Ligation Sequencing Kit range, however, further kit compatibility will be added.

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A MinION Flow Cell (R10.4) is a consumable used with MinION and GridION devices. It contains the proprietary sensor array, Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), and R10 nanopores. The R10 series of nanopores contains a double reader-head, and is suitable for experiments where high consensus accuracy is required. Paired with the Kit 12 (also referred to as Q20+) chemistry, R10.4 generates data at a modal accuracy above 99%. As a new product, it will be rapidly iterating.

The initial release supports the ligation sequencing chemistry with other sequencing kit support currently in development.

How it works:

A user simply adds their prepared library to the flow cell and starts their sequencing experiment.

Data is accumulated over time as DNA is sequenced by the nanopores. Individual read files are generated and are immediately available for analysis.

As data is streamed in real-time, a user can choose to stop a run as soon as sufficient data is gathered. A flow cell contains sufficient buffer to run for ~72 hours (under optimal conditions) and a user can choose to run continuously or run, stop, wash, and load a new sample until the buffer and nanopores are exhausted.

Shipping and logistics:

MinION and GridION Flow Cells are packed individually; however, bulk order options are available. All orders can be split for delivery to best suit your needs.

Flow cells and kits are shipped together at 2–8°C. The packaging is designed to protect the flow cells from freezing. Flow cells are stable at ambient temperatures and stored refrigerated for longer periods. Sequencing kits are stable at room temperature for up to seven days, so users should not be concerned about their products should they arrive at ambient temperature.

Products are shipped to customers within the USA and EU Monday to Thursday. Shipments to Canada, Norway, Korea and Japan are expedited Monday to Wednesday; with Australia and New Zealand leaving our warehouses on a Friday. Shipments to the rest of the world are made on Mondays to allow the full working week for packages to arrive.

The delivery charges are calculated when a quote is raised or during checkout. Once an order is made, the delivery ID and delivery information can be tracked in the Store.

Storage and stability:

Please store your flow cells as follows:

  • Room temperature: during Early Access we ask users to store their flow cells at 2-8°C. Flow cells are stable for a few days at room temperature, however we will formalise guidance during the course of product roll-out.
  • 2-8°C: flow cells can be stored, unopened, at 2-8°C for 4 weeks.

We recommend you check your flow cell before preparing your DNA/RNA library as part of the warranty process.

Flow cell returns:

We ask customers to return their used flow cells to Oxford Nanopore Technologies for recycling. For more information, please see the "Flow cell returns" section.


MinION and GridION Flow Cells are provided in a sealed pouch and are shipped at constant temperature.

The latest flow cell packaging enables users to store flow cells at room temperature for up to one month (when the pack is unopened).

For longer term storage it is recommended that they are kept, unopened, at 2-8°C.

Prior to use, the flow cell can be checked by performing a Flow Cell Check using MinKNOW (the MinION and GridION device software). The Flow Cell Check will report the number of nanopores available for sequencing.

Once the Flow Cell Check has been performed satisfactorily, the flow cell is ready to be used for experiments. The exact protocol and reagent kits used will depend on the experiment being run.

Please return your flow cells to Oxford Nanopore Technologies after use.

Safety and legal

Safety Data Sheet for MinION Flow Cell buffer

Customers are required to perform a flow cell check within one month of purchase. Oxford Nanopore Technologies will replace any flow cell with fewer than 800 nanopores, when the result is reported within two days of performing the flow cell check, and when the storage recommendations have been followed. We deem the useful life of this product to be one month from receipt by the customer.

There is a 1 year contract length on all consumables purchases enabling you to schedule your shipments through this time frame.

What's in the box

MinION Flow Cells are shipped in a sealed pouch.

Flow cell packaging

This packaging also serves as the flow cell returns kit. Users are requested to return their flow cells after use so that they can be responsibly recycled by Oxford Nanopore Technologies.


The Flow Cell Wash Kit allows sequential runs of multiple sequencing libraries in the same flow cell. It works by washing out the first library, and refreshing the system ready for a subsequent library to be loaded. This procedure provides the opportunity to utilise the same flow cell a number of times, maximising the available run time particularly for cases where less data per library is required. Following the wash step, Storage Buffer is introduced into the flow cell, allowing storage of the flow cell before subsequent library addition.



  • Kit 12/Q20+ Early Access Kit (SQK-Q20EA)